Calcium chloride

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Product form : solid


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Description

Clinical Pharmacology

A drug that compensates for the lack of calcium in the body. Calcium chloride has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, hemostatic effect. Calcium ions are involved in the transmission of nerve impulses, reducing skeletal and smooth muscles, in the functional activity of the myocardium, blood clotting, formation and preservation of the integrity of bone tissue.

Indications

As an additional tool in the treatment of allergic diseases (including serum sickness, urticaria, angioedema, hay fever) and allergic reactions to drugs. As an additional hemostatic agent for pulmonary, gastrointestinal, nasal, uterine bleeding. As an antidote for poisoning with magnesium salts, oxalic acid and its soluble salts, as well as soluble salts of fluoric acid.

Composition

calcium chloride – 100mg

 

Calcium chloride is marketed under different brands and generic names, and comes in different dosage forms:

Brand name Manufacturer Country Dosage form
Calcium chloride Dalkhimpharm Russia ampoules
Calcium chloride ampoules

 

Dosage and Administration

With the / in the introduction of a single dose of 0.5-1 mg. When ingested a single dose – 0.25-1.5 g. The frequency and duration of use depends on the evidence and the clinical situation.

Adverse reactions

Maybe: bradycardia; with the rapid introduction – ventricular fibrillation; with a / in the introduction – a sensation of heat in the mouth, and then in the whole body.

Contraindications

Tendency to thrombosis, pronounced atherosclerosis, hypercalcemia.

Drug interactions

Calcium chloride is incompatible with salts of lead, silver, monovalent mercury due to the formation of insoluble heavy metal chlorides and with sodium barbital, since as a result, the low soluble calcium salt of barbital is formed.

Calcium chloride with simultaneous use reduces the effect of calcium channel blockers. Under the influence of Kolestiramin calcium absorption from the gastrointestinal tract is reduced. With simultaneous use with quinidine may slow intraventricular conductivity and increase the toxicity of quinidine. During treatment with cardiac glycosides, parenteral administration of calcium chloride is not recommended, due to increased cardiotoxicity.

Special instructions

Do not enter p / to and / m. When calcium chloride gets under the skin or into muscle tissue, strong irritation develops with the formation of foci of necrosis.

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